Milton Friedman wrote an article called “The Social Responsibility of Business is to Increase Its Profits” fifty years ago. It is here.
Here are some articles marking that anniversary, for reference. Some of them challenge the status quo Friedman established back then.
Article about the Business Roundtable’s challenge to the Friedman Doctrine, New York Times, August 2019
Even the World Economic Forum, which gathers the private-jet set in Davos every year, is rethinking this.
If you have others mention them in the comments and I’ll add them.